How To Make A Multiplayer Server In Minecraft

How to Make a Multiplayer Server in Minecraft from Scratch?

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Creating your own Minecraft multiplayer server is easier than ever before. With a few simple steps, you can have your server up and running quickly so that you, your friends, and your family can enjoy playing together online.

This guide will provide all the information you need to smoothly transition from regular gameplay to an exciting multiplayer experience. Follow this guide, and your server will be up and running quickly!

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  • Comprehend Minecraft editions and server software for effective multiplayer hosting.
  • Ensure an efficient server experience by selecting the right hosting option and verifying system requirements.
  • Customize server configurations, manage plugins, and port forward for an enjoyable gaming experience.
  • Encourage growth and a positive atmosphere to foster a strong community and attract new players.
  • Keep your server up-to-date with regular backups and fixes to prevent crashes and ensure smooth gameplay.

Step-By-Step: How to Make a Multiplayer Minecraft World?

  • Step 1: Choosing The Right Server Software
  • Step 2: Decide On the Hosting Option
  • Step 3: Determine System Requirements
  • Step 4: Download And Install Server Software
  • Step 5: Configure Server Settings
  • Step 6: Set Up Port Forwarding
  • Step 7: Invite Players To Your Server
  • Step 8: Managing Your Minecraft Server
  • Step 9: Customizing Your Multiplayer Server
  • Step 10: Promoting Your Server

Step 1: Choosing the Right Server Software

1. Vanilla Server Software

Vanilla Server Software is a Minecraft hosting software that allows players to access the game’s original version without any modifications. It offers the most basic, no-frills experience, providing an easy way for beginners to get started with their server.

The primary benefit of using Vanilla Server Software is its simplicity and ease of setup. Players must download the software with all the necessary files and instructions to start. It also offers an authentic vanilla experience without any changes or additions, perfect for those who want to enjoy the game in its original form.

However, there are some limitations when using Vanilla Server Software. Due to its fundamental nature, no additional gameplay features or modifications are available.

In addition, players cannot customize the game experience beyond what is available in the vanilla version. This means they won’t be able to take advantage of more advanced features like custom maps or plugins.

2. Bukkit and Spigot Server Software

Bukkit and Spigot are server software hosting gaming servers for popular games like Minecraft. Both have advantages and disadvantages when it comes to hosting a gaming server.

Bukkit Server Software is an open-source software allowing players to customize their gaming experience. It offers a wide range of features and customization, allowing users to create custom game modes or add plugins.

This makes it ideal for those who want a unique experience on their server. The main disadvantage of using Bukkit is scalability, as larger servers require more complex configurations. In addition, incorporating third-party plugins can increase security risks and affect server performance.

Spigot Server Software is an alternative to Bukkit that offers similar customization options. It also allows users to create custom game modes or add plugins for a unique gaming experience. With Spigot, players can also utilize scalability, allowing larger server sizes and more complex configurations.

The main disadvantage is that users need technical knowledge to utilize Spigot effectively. Additionally, there may be some instability or security risks when using third-party plugins.

3. Forge and Fabric Server Software

Forge and Fabric Server Software are different modding platforms that create custom mods, plugins, and content for Minecraft servers. Forge is the more established of the two platforms, with a large modding community offering plenty of available mods.

While it has good compatibility with most versions of Minecraft and is generally considered stable, Forge can be complex to use and slow to update.

On the other hand, Fabric Server Software offers faster updates and more customizability than Forge. Still, it is limited by its smaller modding community and compatibility issues with certain versions of Minecraft. It is also lightweight, requiring less computing power to run than Forge.

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Step 2: Decide on the Hosting Option

The next step is deciding on a hosting option. You could go with shared hosting, virtual private servers, cloud-based hosting, or a dedicated server. You can choose the best fit for you depending on your needs and budget.

  • Self-Hosted Servers

Self-hosted servers are a great option for those who wish full control of their server but may not have the technical skills or budget to manage a dedicated server.

Self-hosted servers provide you with all the same features and functions as a dedicated server without paying for the additional hardware. This can be an economical option but requires more work and maintenance on the user’s part.

The advantages of self-hosting include customizing your server exactly how you want it and having full control over security and performance. You can also choose the best hardware for your needs and make any necessary adjustments as needed. Additionally, you don’t need to worry about any additional costs associated with hosting.

On the other hand, self-hosting can be more difficult to manage than a dedicated server. You need to ensure that the server is up and running at all times, as well as make sure it is secure. You must also know the software and hardware to keep your server running properly. Maintenance can also be a time-consuming task, especially if something goes wrong or needs to be updated.

  • Third-Party Hosting Providers

For those lacking the technical know-how or resources to host their web servers, third-party hosting providers are an easy and cost-effective solution. These companies provide access to secure online space where customers can store website files, data, and applications without managing a physical server.

The advantages of using third-party hosting providers include cost-effectiveness, convenience, and customer support. Hosting providers can offer services at a lower cost than setting up and maintaining a dedicated server.

Disadvantages of using third-party hosting providers include limited control over server configurations and security and potential downtime if the hosting provider experiences technical issues.

Step 3: Determine System Requirements

Recommended System Requirements for Hosting a Server

Considering the minimum and desired system requirements for hosting a server is essential, as this will guarantee that it runs smoothly and without errors.

Having inadequate hardware can lead to sluggish response times, breakdowns, and other problems which could significantly affect the server’s performance outcomes.

Here is a list of the minimum and recommended system requirements for hosting a server:

Minimum requirements:

  • Processor: 1 GHz
  • RAM: 1 GB
  • Storage: 20 GB
  • Network: 1 Gbps

Recommended requirements:

  • Processor: 2 GHz or higher
  • RAM: 4 GB or higher
  • Storage: 50 GB or higher
  • Network: 10 Gbps or higher

The hardware specifications for hosting servers change depending on their type. Still, as a general rule, they should possess a high-powered processor and enough RAM to meet their operational needs. An abundance of storage space and a fast internet connection is also necessary to guarantee that the server runs well and can dependably serve those who use it.

Choosing the Right Hardware and Software for Your Server

You have many possibilities when deciding on the best hardware for your server. CPUs range from basic models to multi-core processors, and RAM can extend from just a few gigabytes up to hundreds more.

For storage solutions, you can pick between classic hard drives and solid-state drives or even use advanced technologies like RAID arrays and network-attached storage systems that provide maximum security and speed!

Choosing the right hardware and software for your server depends on several factors, including the minimum and recommended system requirements for your chosen server software, your budget, and your expected usage.

It is important to consider your current and future needs when selecting hardware and any growth or expansion plans you may have. It is also important to consider the operating system and other software requirements when selecting hardware, as some software may require specific hardware components to function properly.

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Step 4: Download and Install Server Software

1. Downloading Server Software for Your Chosen Server Software

No matter the server software you choose, downloading it successfully requires similar steps. To make your experience simpler, refer to the following guidelines:

  • Determine which server software you want to download. Identify the official website for the software, as this is often the most reliable source.
  • Visit the official website for the server software and navigate to the download page. Look for a link or button to download the software.
  • Review the system requirements and ensure that your hardware and software meet the minimum requirements for the server software.
  • Download the software by following the instructions on the download page. This may involve selecting the appropriate version of the software for your operating system and hardware.
  • Once the software has been downloaded, follow the installation instructions provided by the server software. This may involve running an installer or extracting files from an archive.

While finding server software on third-party websites or community resources is possible, caution must be exercised. The most advisable method for downloading such software would be from official sources, as they are more trustworthy and dependable than other alternatives.

These extraneous sites can be useful in finding supplementary information about the server program.

2. Installing and Configuring Server Software

It’s essential to remember that the installation and setup of server software can vary significantly depending on which program is being utilized. However, here are a few general steps you can take to get started:

  • Install the server software by following the installation instructions provided by the software.
  • Configure the server settings by editing the configuration files provided by the software. These files are typically located in a “config” directory within the server software installation directory. You should consult the documentation provided by the server software for information on how to configure specific settings.
  • Install any desired plugins or mods by following the installation instructions provided by the plugin or mod developer. Plugins and mods can add additional functionality to the server software, such as new game modes or administrative tools.
  • Configure the plugins and mods by editing the configuration files provided by the plugin or mod developer. These files are typically located in a “plugins” or “mods” directory within the server software installation. Again, you should consult the documentation provided by the plugin or mod developer for information on configuring specific settings.
  • Start the server software and test the configuration to ensure it works as expected.

Different configuration options will be available depending on the server software being used. Server settings may include options such as the server name, maximum player count, and server rules. Plugins and mods may add configuration options, such as new game modes or gameplay settings.

It is important to carefully review the documentation provided by the server software and any plugins or mods being used to understand the available configuration options and how to use them effectively.

3. Creating Admin Accounts

Establishing admin accounts on your server is vital, providing individuals the power to maintain and run it.

Admin accounts can be used for various use cases, such as configuring the server, managing player profiles, following through with server regulations, and troubleshooting any issues.

Setting up admin accounts allows you to ensure all these tasks are carried out efficiently. To create an admin account and assign permissions:

  • Log in to the server software as an existing administrator or server owner
  • Navigate to the “Admin” or “Permissions” section of the server software
  • Create a new admin account by entering a username and password
  • Assign permissions to the admin account, such as the ability to kick or ban players, change server settings, or install plugins or mods
  • Save the new admin account and permissions settings

Admin accounts must be managed with meticulous attention to detail, granting only the necessary permissions and function critical for their respective roles. This helps safeguard the server from unauthorized use of privileges, strengthening its security and reliability.

Step 5: Configure Server Settings

1. Understanding Server Settings and Configuration

Server settings and configuration refer to the various options and parameters that can be set to customize the gameplay and performance of a server. These settings can include options such as game mode, player count, world size, difficulty level, and many others.

Server settings can have a significant impact on both the gameplay experience and the performance of the server. For example, increasing the player count or world size may result in a more complex and challenging gameplay experience. Still, it may also require more processing power and memory from the server hardware.

Similarly, changing the difficulty level or spawn rate of enemies can significantly impact the balance of the game and the number of resources the server requires.

Properly configuring server settings ensures a positive gameplay experience and maintains server performance. Administrators should carefully consider the impact of each setting on both gameplay and performance and adjust them accordingly.

2. Configuring Server Properties

To configure server properties such as game modes, difficulty level, and server name:

  • Navigate to the “Server Properties” or “Config” file within the server software
  • Locate the relevant properties, such as “gamemode,” “difficulty,” and “server-name
  • Edit the values of the properties as desired
  • Save the changes and restart the server software for the changes to take effect

Different server properties can have a significant impact on the gameplay experience. For example, the game mode property determines the type of gameplay, such as survival, creativity, or adventure.

The difficulty property determines the level of challenge for players, such as the strength of enemies or scarcity of resources.

The server name property can be used to identify the server and attract players. Other server properties may include player count, world size, spawn rate, and many others, each of which can impact the gameplay experience differently.

Administrators should carefully consider the impact of each property on the server and adjust them as necessary to provide a positive and enjoyable experience for players.

3. Setting Up Permissions and Whitelisting

Setting up permissions and whitelisting your server is important to control access and maintain security. Permissions allow you to grant or restrict access to specific server features and commands, while whitelisting allows you to control who can connect to the server.

To set up permissions and whitelisting:

  • Navigate to the “Permissions” or “Whitelist” section of the server software
  • Create a list of users or groups that should have access to the server
  • Assign permissions to each user or group as desired
  • Save the changes and restart the server software for the changes to take effect

Properly configuring permissions and whitelisting is important to maintain security and prevent unauthorized access to the server. It is recommended to periodically review and update the list of users and permissions to ensure access is granted only to authorized individuals or groups.

4. Enabling Server Mods and Plugins

To enable and manage server mods and plugins:

  • Install a mod or plugin manager such as Forge, Bukkit, or Spigot
  • Download the desired mods or plugins and place them in the appropriate folder within the server software
  • Activate the mods or plugins within the manager software

Mods and plugins can significantly impact gameplay, with mods modifying game code and plugins adding functionality. Find and install them through CurseForge, SpigotMC, and BukkitDev, ensuring compatibility and performance impact. Proper management is essential for stability and a good experience. Review and update installed mods/plugins.

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Step 6: Set Up Port Forwarding

1. Understanding Port Forwarding

Port forwarding is opening a specific port on a network router to allow traffic to pass through to a device on a local network. This allows players outside the local network to connect to a server on that device. Without port forwarding, players outside the network could not connect to the server, as the router would block incoming traffic.

2. Configuring Port Forwarding On Your Router

To configure port forwarding on your router:

  • Access your router’s administration page through your web browser
  • Find the port forwarding or virtual server settings
  • Add a new port forwarding rule for the specific port used by your server
  • Assign the internal IP address of the device running the server
  • Save the settings and restart the router

Different router models have different interfaces and settings. To find specific instructions for your router, consult the manufacturer’s documentation or search online for guides specific to your router model. Some routers also have a built-in port forwarding wizard to simplify the process.

3. Verifying Port Forwarding Configuration

To verify that port forwarding is properly configured, you can use online port scanning tools or connect to the server from outside the local network using the server’s external IP address and port number.

If port forwarding is not working, common issues include incorrect port forwarding rules, conflicting settings, or firewall blocking. Troubleshoot by double-checking the port forwarding rules, disabling conflicting settings, and checking firewall settings. You can also restart the router and server.

Step 7: Invite Players to Your Server

Sharing Server Ip Address and Port Information

To communicate your server’s IP address and port details to other players:

  • Obtain the server’s external IP address and port number
  • Decide on the method of sharing the information
  • Share the information through the chosen method, such as email, social media, gaming forums, or instant messaging
  • Provide clear instructions on connecting to the server using the shared information

Different ways to share server information include sending an email to players, posting on social media or gaming forums, or creating a dedicated website or Discord channel for the server. It is important to provide clear instructions on connecting to the server using the shared information, especially for players unfamiliar with the process.

Setting Up Player Accounts and Permissions

To set up player accounts and assign permissions:

  • Access the server’s administration page or console
  • Create player accounts and assign permissions, such as administrative or moderator roles
  • Configure player settings, such as player limits and player vs. player settings
  • Set up a ban list to restrict access for players who violate server rules

Player settings can affect the gameplay experience, so it is important to consider the server’s target audience and objectives when configuring them. The ban list should be regularly reviewed and updated to ensure that players who violate server rules are appropriately restricted.

Step 8: Managing Your Minecraft Server

1. Understanding Server Commands and Console

Server commands and consoles allow administrators to manage and customize their servers. The console is a text-based interface allowing administrators to execute commands and monitor server activity.

Server commands can be accessed through the console or a command line interface, performing various tasks such as changing server settings, kicking or banning players, and executing scripts.

To access and use server commands and a console, an administrator must have administrative privileges and access to the server’s administration page or console. Once accessed, server commands can be executed by typing the command into the console or command line and pressing enter.

2. Configuring Server Settings And Plugins

To configure server settings and plugins:

  • Access the server’s administration page or console
  • Review and adjust server settings to optimize performance and gameplay experience
  • Install and manage plugins to add new features and customization options to the server
  • Regularly review and update server settings and plugins to ensure stability and compatibility

When managing server settings and plugins, it is important to consider the server’s target audience and objectives. Server settings can affect the gameplay experience, while plugins provide additional features and customization options. It is also important to regularly review and update server settings and plugins to ensure they are compatible and stable.

3. Backing Up and Restoring Your Server

Backing up and restoring your server is important to prevent data loss in case of server failure or corruption. To back up your server, you can use a plugin or manual backup method and store the backup file in a secure location.

To restore your server, you can upload the backup file and restore it using the server software. It is recommended to regularly back up your server to ensure that you can recover data in case of any issues.

4. Troubleshooting Server Issues

Common server issues include connectivity problems, lag, and crashes. To troubleshoot these issues, you can check your internet connection, server settings, and plugins/mods and update or remove any that may be causing issues.

Online forums and community resources can provide helpful information and support from other server owners and experts. Hosting providers may also offer customer support for server-related issues. It is important to regularly monitor and maintain your server to prevent and resolve issues.


Step 9: Customizing Your Multiplayer Server

1. Installing and Managing Server Plugins

To find and download server plugins, you can search for them on various websites and resources such as CurseForge, SpigotMC, and BukkitDev. Once downloaded, you can install them by placing the plugin file into your server directory’s “plugins” folder.

To manage plugins, you can use commands or a plugin management tool to enable, disable, or configure their settings. It’s important to consider compatibility with your server software and its potential impact on performance when selecting and managing plugins.

2. Customizing Game Modes and Rules

To customize game modes and rules, you can modify the file or use a plugin or mod to customize gameplay. To configure game modes, you can change the game mode property to the desired mode, such as survival or creativity.

You can modify the game rule properties to change game rules, such as difficulty or respawn settings. Different plugins and mods may offer additional game modes and rules customization options.

3. Creating Custom Worlds and Maps

To create custom worlds and maps, you can use different tools and software such as WorldPainter and MCEdit. These programs allow you to generate terrain, create structures, and modify the landscape to create unique environments for players to explore.

To use these tools, you typically download and install the program, create a new world, and then use the various tools and features to customize the world to your liking. Once finished, you can save the world and upload it to your server for players to explore.

4. Managing Player Permissions

To manage player permissions, server administrators can use plugins such as PermissionsEX or LuckPerms. These plugins allow administrators to create and assign different permission levels to players, limiting access to certain commands, areas, or resources.

Players can be assigned roles, such as moderator or administrator, with different levels of permissions. To configure permissions, server administrators can edit the permissions configuration file or use commands within the server console.

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Step 10: Promoting Your Server

  • Building a Community and Encouraging Player Interaction

Building a community around your server is important for creating a fun and engaging gameplay experience. Tips for encouraging player interaction include hosting events, creating forums, and using social media to engage with players. By creating a sense of community, players are likely to continue playing on your server and invite their friends to join.

  • Managing Player Behavior and Preventing Griefing

To manage player behavior and prevent grief on your server, you can set up rules and guidelines that define acceptable behavior and the consequences for violating them.

You can also use server settings and plugins to restrict actions such as block-breaking or player vs. player combat in certain areas and to monitor and log player activity.

It’s important to have a system for reporting and addressing grief-related incidents, such as a player report system or a team of moderators.

  • Promoting Your Server and Attracting New Players

To promote your server, use social media platforms and online gaming forums to advertise your server and engage with potential players. Encourage current players to invite their friends to join by offering rewards or incentives. Provide a unique and enjoyable gameplay experience and create a welcoming community to encourage players to stay and invite others to join.


Creating a successful multiplayer server in Minecraft requires careful planning and preparation. Setting up port forwarding, inviting players, managing the server, customizing settings and plugins, backing up data, and promoting your server are all important steps to creating an enjoyable experience for players.

By understanding how to manage each step of the process and setting rules for acceptable behavior, you can ensure that your server runs smoothly and players have a positive experience. You can create an enjoyable multiplayer server for Minecraft players with the right setup and management.

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Next Steps: What Now?

Further reading – Useful Resources

Frequently Asked Questions

Can I make a Minecraft Server for free?

Absolutely! You can craft a Minecraft server for free with the vanilla server software and host it on your PC. However, third-party hosting suppliers may charge extra fees to access their services.

What are the minimum system requirements for hosting a Minecraft Server?

Ensuring your hosting system meets the requirements to guarantee a smooth Minecraft gaming experience is crucial. These can fluctuate depending on how many players are participating and what server software you decide to use.

How do I manage player behavior on my Minecraft Server?

With the right rules and regulations, along with server settings and plugins that help to maintain them, you can effectively manage player behavior on your Minecraft server.

Can I customize my Minecraft Server?

You can tailor your Minecraft server by incorporating plugins, building personal worlds and maps, and adjusting game modes and regulations.

How can I promote my Minecraft Server?

Utilizing social media, forums devoted to gaming, and the power of word-of-mouth can help you spread the news about your Minecraft server so that more players will have a chance to join in on the fun.

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