What Is Bitcoin? Uncovering The Mystery

Cryptocurrency is a type of digital or virtual currency that uses cryptography for security and doesn’t need a central bank to work. Bitcoin was the first cryptocurrency to be created, and it sparked a global movement of other cryptocurrencies, such as Ethereum, Ripple, and Litecoin.

In this article, you’ll be introduced to Bitcoin and what it’s all about. You’ll learn what Bitcoin is, its purpose and importance, risks to keep in mind, investment strategies, as well as how to purchase and store Bitcoin.


Key Highlights

  • Bitcoin (BTC) is a digital currency, which can be used to facilitate financial transactions without the need for any third-party involvement.
  • Bitcoin was created to serve as an alternative, decentralized form of currency not controlled by or affiliated with traditional financial systems.
  • The purpose of Bitcoin is to bring about transparency, decentralization, security, lower transaction fees, and innovation
  • Bitcoin is bought from cryptocurrency exchanges and stored in Bitcoin wallets, which can be hardware or software
  • Trading and storing Bitcoin involves a lot of risks, including fraud and scams, security, volatility, and regulatory issues
  • Before investing in Bitcoin, it’s important that you’re able to absorb potential losses, which is very likely


What Exactly is Bitcoin?

Bitcoin (BTC) is a digital currency, which can be used to facilitate financial transactions without the need for any third-party involvement. It is awarded to miners who process transactions on the Blockchain, and can also be traded on various exchanges.

Final: What Is Bitcoin & Why It’s Changing The World

Bitcoin was created in 2009 by an unknown person or group of people using the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto. It was released as open-source software, meaning that anyone could use it.

The first ever transaction of bitcoin was sent in January 2009, when Satoshi Nakamoto sent 10 bitcoins to a user on the Bitcoin Forum. Since then, bitcoin has grown to become the world’s leading digital currency, with millions of users and a market capitalization of over $200 billion.


What Is The Purpose Of Bitcoin And Why Is It So Important Today?

Bitcoin was created to serve as an alternative, decentralized form of currency not controlled by traditional financial organizations like banks, funds, or the government. Today, Bitcoin is immensely important today for various reasons, including:


The traditional banking system is highly centralized and bureaucratic. A 2015 study showed that 5 banks owned almost half of the US banking industry. With banks, your accounts can be frozen anytime and funds can be taken away from you.

Bitcoin, on the other hand, is a decentralized currency, meaning that it is not controlled by a single entity or organization. This makes Bitcoin more secure and less susceptible to fraud or manipulation.


Bitcoin transactions are recorded on a public ledger called the blockchain, which provides a high degree of transparency and accountability. Bitcoin mining is the process whereby miners compete to be the first to solve complex mathematical problems in order to add the next block of transactions to the blockchain. This makes it hard to use Bitcoin to commit fraud or do other illegal activities.


The blockchain, which powers Bitcoin, is distributed across a network of computers, ensuring that no single entity can control or manipulate the data. Bitcoin transactions are secured through the use of public-key cryptography. All data stored on the blockchain is immutable, making it virtually impossible to alter or remove.

Lower Potential Fees

Bitcoin transaction fees are quite low, especially when compared to traditional payment methods like PayPal and Credit Cards. This can be a huge benefit to businesses and individuals who need to make international transactions.


Blockchain technology has the potential to revolutionize many industries, not just financial transactions. It has the potential to transform the way we interact with data and facilitate secure transactions in many different sectors such as health, real estate, and the judiciary system.

An example of blockchain being used in another industry is the healthcare industry. Here the technology can be used to securely store patient health records, verify the authenticity of medical products, and improve the security and efficiency of medical payments.

Financial Freedom

Bitcoin allows people to control their own money without relying on a central authority or intermediary, providing greater financial freedom and control.

With Bitcoin, users have full control over their funds; they are in charge of their own money and the security of their funds. All of the user’s information is encrypted and stored on the blockchain, which is a distributed public ledger.


How To Store And Use Your Bitcoin

Storing and using Bitcoin involves using digital wallets and exchanges. Here is a breakdown of how to store and use Bitcoin:

Final: What Is Bitcoin & Why It’s Changing The World

Choose A Bitcoin Wallet

Bitcoin is stored in a bitcoin wallet, which is basically a digital wallet. Bitcoin wallets come in various forms, including desktop, mobile, web, and hardware wallets. Each type of wallet has its own unique features and benefits, so it’s important to research and choose a wallet that best suits your needs.

Set up Your Wallet

After choosing a type of wallet, the next step is to set up the wallet. Your provider will most likely provide instructions for this. Typically, you’ll create a password and receive a seed phrase, which is a series of words that will help you recover your wallet in case you forget your password or lose your device.

Buy Bitcoin

Bitcoins are bought from exchanges like Binance and Coinbase. To purchase Bitcoin, simply follow the instructions provided by your crypto exchange platform. After buying it, you can either store it in the exchange (not recommended) or move it to your wallet. You can also buy Bitcoin directly from another user in a peer-to-peer transaction but be careful as many people have been scammed on P2P networks.

Send and Receive Bitcoin

To send Bitcoin to someone else, you’ll need to know their wallet address, which is a unique string of characters that identifies their wallet. That’s where they’ll be sending the funds to when filling in the information in their exchange. Conversely, anyone looking to send you Bitcoin must also have your wallet address.

Use an Exchange

Bitcoin exchanges (or crypto exchanges) are platforms that facilitate the exchange of cryptocurrencies. They allow you to sell, buy, and even store a variety of cryptocurrencies, Bitcoin included. To use an exchange, you will need to set up an account and follow the instructions provided by the exchange to buy and sell Bitcoin.

Understand the Risks

Storing and using Bitcoin can be quite risky. Digital wallets are quite prone to  hacking and we keep seeing a lot of that. There’s also a high probability of losing your Bitcoin if you lose your device or forget your password. With this in mind, it’s important to take precautions to secure your wallet and use a reputable exchange to minimize these risks.


Potential Risk And Precaution To Take When Buying Bitcoin

Before buying or using Bitcoin, it’s important that you take certain precautionary steps to minimize the risk of losing your hard-earned money.

Here are some potential risks and precautions to consider:

Security Risks

With traditional banks, a transaction can be reversed if an anomaly was found. However, once a Bitcoin transaction is approved, it can’t be reversed. So if your Bitcoin is stolen, you’re not likely to get it back.

Take security measures to protect your Bitcoin. Common precautions include using a reputable digital wallet or exchange, enabling two-factor authentication, and using a strong password.


Bitcoin’s value, like many other cryptocurrencies with high trading volumes, is very volatile, meaning it can change very rapidly. Before using Bitcoin as an investment method, you need to be aware of the potential risks involved. It’s recommended that you only invest what you can afford to lose.

Scams and Fraud

The crypto market is fraught with scammers and fraudsters. Many coins have no value and are basically Ponzi schemes. Other forms of fraud include fake ICOs (initial coin offerings) and phishing attacks. Before investing in any Bitcoin-related project, be sure to carry out thorough research.

Regulatory Risks

Because a lot of countries are yet to fully regulate Bitcoin, buying it can be a risky investment. To be on the safe side, it’s important that you stay up-to-date on the latest regulatory developments and use that to guide your decision on how much Bitcoin to buy.

Privacy Risks

Bitcoin transactions are recorded on the public ledger called the blockchain. Though these transactions are typically anonymous, anyone can trace your transaction and potentially use that to identify you. One way to protect your identity is by using a Bitcoin mixer or tumbler to mix your Bitcoin with other users’ Bitcoin, making it more difficult to trace.


Is Bitcoin A Good Investment?

Bitcoin is incredibly volatile, so it comes with high risk but can also yield incredible returns on investment. Some have made incredible amounts of money in a short amount of time trading Bitcoin. On the flip side, many have suffered staggering losses. If you’re looking to invest in Bitcoin, you’ll need a high level of risk tolerance and risk management, a sound trading strategy,  sound financial standing, and have to trade responsibly.

Final: What Is Bitcoin & Why It’s Changing The World


  • Since its creation in 2009, Bitcoin has offered the potential for high returns.
  • More countries are likely to adopt Bitcoin as an official trade currency (some countries have already done that, e.g. El Salvador)
  • Bitcoin is still one of the fastest ways to send money internationally
  • Bitcoin is the most widely accepted cryptocurrency in the world and many businesses looking to evolve and accept crypto payments often start with.
  • Bitcoin has the largest share of all cryptocurrencies making it the most stable and predictable.


  • Bitcoin’s value might decrease. In fact, it has decreased by more than 75% in 2022 from its peak. Crypto exchanges lack the structure and oversight that regular financial exchanges do.
  • Transactions cannot be reversed. A lot of people have lost thousands of dollars worth of Bitcoins simply because they lost or forgot their wallet credentials.



This article explained what Bitcoin is and covered its importance, purpose, and utility, as well as the risks associated with buying, storing, or transacting with Bitcoin. We also covered the pros and cons of using Bitcoin, with its historical potential for profit being a pro and its volatility being a con.

Despite its massive growth over the last decade and a half, a lot of financial experts still believe Bitcoin is at its early stage. With its decentralized nature and low transaction fees, it could be a major player in the future of finance.

However, it is important to be aware of the risks associated with investing in Bitcoin, such as price volatility and the potential for fraud. With the proper precautions taken, Bitcoin can be an exciting opportunity for you to diversify your portfolio.


Next Steps: What now?

  • Sign up for an account on a Bitcoin Exchange
  • Fund your account with your local currency
  • Exchange your currency for Bitcoin
  • Pay for your services (e.g. web hosting) with Bitcoin
  • Move your Bitcoins to a hardware wallet for better security


Further reading – Useful Resources

Frequently Asked Questions

How do I mine Bitcoin?

To mine Bitcoin, you’re required to solve complex mathematical equations, which are used to verify transactions and add them to the public ledger known as the blockchain. This process is known as proof of work. You must be connected to the Bitcoin network in order to participate in the process. The first computer to solve the problem is granted access to validate the next block of transactions and then receives a reward in the form of newly minted Bitcoin.

How do I join a mining pool?

Joining a bitcoin mining pool is a great way to increase your potential for earning bitcoins., as it allows you to combine your computing power with other miners and share the rewards proportionally based on the amount of work you contribute.

What ASICs are available?

ASICs (Application-Specific Integrated Circuits) are specialized computer chips specifically designed for the purpose of mining Bitcoin.

What is the halving of Bitcon rewards?

Bitcoin rewards paid to miners are halved every 210,000 blocks of Bitcoin transactions. This process reduces the reward that miners receive for verifying transactions on the Bitcoin blockchain.

Halving is done to ensure that the Bitcoin network remains secure, as the reward for miners is reduced and the cost of mining rises, making it less profitable to mine Bitcoin. This process also helps to keep the Bitcoin supply limited, as the rewards for miners become less and less as time goes on.

What is the smallest unit of Bitcoin?

The smallest unit of Bitcoin is called a satoshi. It is equal to one hundred millionth of a Bitcoin (0.00000001 BTC).

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