What is MediaWiki?
MediaWiki is basically a software by wiki which is totally free and open-source. It currently runs on many famous websites such as Wikipedia, Wiktionary and Wikimedia Commons. MediaWiki is written in PHP.
The Requirement for MediaWiki 1.30.0
- You will require MariaDB 5.1, SQLite 3, MySQL 5.0.2 or PostgreSQL 9.0 or later;
- And Apache web server 2.0 or higher compiled with the mod_rewrite module;
- And finally, you will need the PHP 5.5.9 or higher, with these extensions enabled: mbstring, JSON, Intl, curl, MySQL and GD PHP
Step 1: Installing Apache server
First things first, on your virtual server you will have to install and configure Apache.
$ sudoapt-get install apache2
Step 2: Server OS packages update
You will have to check if the server OS packages are updated to get started with the installation.
$ sudo apt-get update $ sudo apt-get upgrade
Step 3: Package installation
Then you have got to install all the required packages.
$ sudo apt-get install imagemagick php7.0-intl php7.0-curl php7.0-gd php7.0-mbstring php7.0-mysql mysql-server php7.0-json php7.0-cgi php7.0 libapache2-mod-php7.0
Step 4: Enabling the Apache rewrite module
You will have to make sure the Apache rewrite module is enabled.
$ sudo a2enmod rewrite
Step 5: Restarting the Apache
Once you have enabled the Apache rewrite module you have got to restart the Apache services.
$ sudo service apache2 restart
Step 6: MediaWiki installation
In this step, you have got visit https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/download and then download the latest version of MediaWiki available here. Download it to the /opt/ directory on the server.
$ cd /opt/ $ sudo wget https://releases.wikimedia.org/mediawiki/1.31/mediawiki-1.31.0.tar.gz $ sudo tar -xvzf mediawiki-1.31.0.tar.gz $ sudo mv /opt/mediawiki-1.31.0/ /var/www/html/mediawiki
You will have to set up a proper ownership so that all the files are readable by the server.
$ sudo chown www-data:www-data -R /var/www/html/mediawiki
Then you have got to create a new MySQL database and user.
mysql -u root -p mysql> SET GLOBAL sql_mode=''; mysql> CREATE DATABASE mediawiki; mysql> CREATE USER 'newuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'your-password'; mysql> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON mediawiki.* TO 'newuser'@'localhost'; mysql> FLUSH PRIVILEGES; mysql> quit
The ‘your-password’ next to IDENTIFIED BY is your password. Feel free to change it and type in a password of your choice.
Next, in Apache, you will have to create a new virtual host directive. For instance, on your virtual server, create a new Apache configuration file, say ‘mediawiki.conf’.
$ sudo touch /etc/apache2/sites-available/mediawiki.conf $ sudo ln -s /etc/apache2/sites-available/mediawiki.conf /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/mediawiki.conf $ sudo vi /etc/apache2/sites-available/mediawiki.conf
Once you have done this, add the following lines by pressing “i” to insert and press Esc button and type :wq to save and exit the editor.
<VirtualHost *:80> ServerAdmin email@example.com DocumentRoot /var/www/html/mediawiki/ ServerName your-domain-name.com ServerAlias www.your-domain-name.com <Directory /var/www/html/mediawiki/> Options FollowSymLinks AllowOverride All Order allow,deny allow from all </Directory> ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/your-domain-name.com-error_log CustomLog /var/log/apache2/your-domain-name.com-access_log common </VirtualHost>
Then you have got to remove the file, i.e., OOO-default.conf.
$ sudo rm /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/000-default.conf
Now in order to save the changes and for them to take effect, you have got to restart the Apache web server.
$ sudo service apache2 restart
In any browser of your choice visit http://your-domain-name.com. There you will find the hyperlink saying ‘set up the wiki’. Click on ‘set up the wiki’.
This will take you to the installation screen.
Firstly you will have to select your language and Wiki language. Then clicking on Continue will take you to the next page.
There you will have to enter the following information if all the requirements are met and then click on the ‘Continue’ button.
The next step will require some database configuration. Under “Database type” select MySQL. Then write “localhost” under Database host.
Then you have to go to fill the rest of the information according to the database that you created in the first step of this tutorial. Click on the “Continue” button once you have successfully entered all the correct information.
You will be taken to the next page where you have got to select:
Storage engine: InnoDB
Once you have done this, click on the ‘Continue’ button.
Then you will have to enter the name of Wiki. This name will appear in the title bar of the browser.
Create an administrator account. Once you have done all this, you are all set to install Wiki.
You can add the following lines at the bottom of the LocalSettings.php file if you hate waiting and want to speed up the installation process.
$ sudo vi /var/www/html/mediawiki/LocalSettings.php # Speed improvements $wgUseGzip = true; $wgUseFileCache = true; # Performance settings $wgDisableCounters = true; $wgMiserMode = true;
You will also have to set a proper ownership for the LocalSettings.php configuration file.
$ sudo chown www-data:www-data /var/www/html/mediawiki/LocalSettings.php
This wraps up our installation process by successfully installing MediaWiki on your server.
Finally, you have successfully installed Mediawiki, We hope our article helped you :).