Red Hat OpenShift, CoreOS Tectonic, Cloud Foundry, Fabric8, Canonical, & Mirantis Cloud
Docker was founded in 2010 by Solomon Hykes as an internal project of the PaaS company dotCloud and part of the Y Combinator start-up fund. In 2013, Benjamin Golub joined the company as CEO and the pair navigated a hugely successful pivot to focus on container software development, leading to a total of $237 million USD in venture capital seed funding in Silicon Valley. According to Sramana Mitra, Docker received funding from Goldman Sachs, Coatue, Northern Trust, Lightspeed Venture Partners, AME Cloud Ventures, Trinity Ventures, Sequoia Capital, Greylock Partners, Benchmark, Sequoia Capital, Jerry Yang, and Insight Venture Partners, ultimately leading to a valuation of the company of over $1.3 billion USD and "unicorn" status. Kubernetes was first announced in 2014 as an open source project growing out of Google's internal "Borg" platform, with version 1.0 released in 2015 under the management of the Cloud Native Computing Foundation (CNCF). Kubernetes automates cloud orchestration for containerized applications, allowing them to scale beyond the single server model to support the highest levels of enterprise web traffic. Both Docker and Kubernetes have seen huge adoption across all business sectors internationally in the last few years, becoming the foundation of best practices in DevOps as companies seek to modernize their legacy software applications and transition to fully embrace advanced cloud computing web server architecture. This year, Steve Singh moved from his role as Docker's Chairman of the Board to replace Golub as the CEO of the company.